With many a Lincoln lie well into its second century of existence, some of the falsehoods that have been propagated about him may be ingrained beyond repair.
Still, one would like to believe that even in the age of information, a carefully considered, critical biography is still possible. This author hopes that the following can in some small way begin to restore the true Lincoln to posterity, by giving him a fair and honest treatment, holding him liable where culpable, and finding him laudable where such praise is deserved.
When Abraham Lincoln was born in , the United States of America had just begun to emerge as a cohesive nation. The federal government as it is known today had been organized just over twenty years before. The country maintained the shape of its original thirteen colonies, with a sizable portion of territory yet to be settled.
Lincoln's youth would coincide with rapid frontier movements and an overriding spirit of pioneer expansionism. Such a young country was bound to experience growing pains. Having clearly established its independence, but still very much subjected to the influence of its parent country, the United States did much to solidify its autonomy with a victory over Britain in the War of On the strength of this success, the Monroe Doctrine of asserted the American right to self- determination within its own hemisphere.
Domestically, the balance of power between federal and state governments continued to play a leading role in the national debate. After independence, the several states had been organized according to the Articles of Confederation.
By this short-lived document, each individual state maintained considerable powers over its own internal affairs, and as such the centralized governmental apparatus was necessarily weaker. When this arrangement quickly proved impracticable and unsatisfactory, a stronger central infrastructure was established under the present Constitution, ratified by a majority of states in The first political parties in the United States were established according to their support or opposition of a powerful federal system.
During the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, these two rival factions clashed over the balance of power between the federal and state branches. This conflict came to a head in , when South Carolina threatened to secede after a series of high tariffs were passed by the federal government.
Under the leadership of John C. Biography Abraham Lincoln, the 16th president of the United States, was very important to the past history of our country. He helped to abolish slavery in this country and kept the American Union from splitting apart during the Civil War. At 22, he moved to New Salem, Illinois. With his gift for swapping stories and making friends, he became quite popular and was elected to the Illinois legislature in In his spare time, he taught himself law and became a lawyer.
In , he was elected to the U. Congress, but returned to his law practice until , when his concern about the spread of slavery prompted him to return to national politics and run for the U.
Lincoln rose to greatness from a humble beginning. Born in in a log cabin in Kentucky, Lincoln spent most of his childhood working on the family farm. He had less than a year of school but managed to educate himself by studying and reading books on his own.
He believed that slavery and democracy were fundamentally incompatible. In an speech, he said: What constitutes the bulwark of our own liberty and independance? It is not our frowning battlements, our bristling sea coats, our army and our navy. Our defense is in the spirit which prized liberty as the heritage of all men, in all lands everywhere. The Black Hawk War, however, prevented him from attaining that goal.
He gained public interest, which would help in future campaigns. The general store he now owned went bankrupt, and Abe assumed the debt after the death of his partner William Berry. Deciding to be a lawyer, Lincoln took partnership with Stewart. On September 9, he received his license to practice law. He ran again and was elected into the state legislature on August 14th.
He actively became part of the forming Whig Party, and was involved with The Log Nine, who wanted to relocate the capital from Vandalia to Springfield. Gaining more public support, he ran for state legislature in the election of against Stephen S Douglas.
Little did either know they would become life-long rivalries. He beat Douglas, and during his session worked to improve railroads and canals in Illinois, while supporting the state bank. In the election of we saw the first Lincoln-Douglas debates. Although Lincoln admitted his defeat, numerous people saw to it a draw. Lincoln closed the business with Stewart and opened another with Stephen T. Logan, a fellow Whig and judge. His eyebrows cropped out like a huge rock on the brow of a hill.
His cheeks were leathery and flabby, falling in loose folds in places, looking sorrowful. However, a personal interruption was now in the middle of his life. Although the two suffered multiple hardships, Abraham Lincoln and Marry Todd were married November 4, After they produced 4 sons; Todd, Edward, William and Thomas. Edward died at 4 years of age, William died at 11 years of age, and Thomas died in at 18 years old.
In May of he became a candidate for State representative. After being elected the Mexican-American War was ending, and million square miles of new territory was established. This intensified the issue of slavery, and although the Missouri Compromise was in effect many Southerners yearned to destroy it. Lincoln thought that if slavery was not allowed to spread, it would eventually die.
He returned to law practice and was desperately needed at home. In Lincoln realized that the Whig Party no longer had the influence needed to advance in the political system. He became an avid organizer in the Republican Party and declared his opposition to the expansion of slavery.
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Essay: Abraham Lincoln as the Greatest President 19 May, , by Jane Copland Once you take a look at the Mount Rushmore picture, your eyes will be hooked by four brave individuals who deserve being claimed the best presidents of the United States of America. Essay on Abraham Lincoln Often hailed as the greatest president of all times, Abraham Lincoln was a strong leader during one of the worst crises in American history. His impact on America helped to abolish slavery and brought the Union back together.
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