Recent archaeological Adhichanalloor and Indian ocean evidence shows that the language is related to sumerian and that Tamil was spoken in South India more than years ago. Recent excavations in Indian Ocean seem to support this legend. Kumari Kandam is a legendary sunken kingdom sometimes compared with Lemuria. In Tamil tradition, Kumari Kandam is referred to as the Land of Purity, a sophisticated kingdom of higher learning, located south of Kanyakumari Sangam literature describes about Kumari Kandam, which lay to the south and east of the Tamil country, which had been lost to the sea in two successive inundations.
The two inundations are said to mark the division between the three sangam periods. Geological features described in the literature include two main rivers of Kumari Kandam as the Pagruliyaru and the Kumari.
It is also believed to have had numerous great cities with great monuments and the foremost among those cities were the two first and second cities of Madurai. Both the first and the second Tamil literary Sangam Eras, the Muthal Sangam and the Idaii Sangam, were said to have been held in those two respective cities of Madurai. Dravidian Traditions give the two Sangamperiods antiquities ranging in tens of thousands of years with a timeline of about 10, B.
C to the second. Both the Sangam Eras were supposed to have been terminated by deluges which submerged Tamil lands. The Epics Shilappadikaram and Manimekhalai describe the submerged city of Puhar. The timeline will make a better understanding:. Tolkappiyam the earliest known extant Tamil grammar.
Tamil is the oldest living language of India and the world. It belongs to the Dravidian group of languages. Tamil is the official language of the state of Tamil Nadu, and also has official status in Sri Lanka and Singapore.
Tamil has a literary tradition of over two thousand years. Tolkappiyam, the oldest known literary work in Tamil, has been dated variously between second century BC and fifth century AD. Tamil was declared a classical language of India by the Government of India in and was the first Indian language to have been accorded the status.
The Tamil script consists of 12 vowels, 18 consonants and one special character, the aytam. The vowels and consonants combine to form compound characters, making a total of characters. How to cite this page Choose cite format: Facts about tamil language. During the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries Tamil Nadu witnessed changes in the political scene. The Tamil society underwent a deep cultural shock with the imposition of Western cultural influences.
Shaiva monasteries attempted to safeguard the Tamil cultural values. The Shaiva monasteries at Tiruvavaduthurai, Dharmapuram, Thiruppananthal and Kundrakudi had teachers like Meenakshi Sundaram Pillai who wrote more than eighty books consisting of over , poems.
Gopalakrishna Bharathi wrote numerous poems and lyrics set to time in Carnatic music Nandan Charitam, Periyapuranam.
Ramalinga Adigal Vallalar wrote the devotional poem Tiruvarutpa; Maraimalai. Adigal advocated for the purity of Tamil; and Subramanya Bharathi wrote works on progressive themes like freedom and feminism. He introduced a new poetic style into the somewhat rigid style of Tamil poetry writing, which had followed the rules set down in the Tolkaappiyam in his Puthukkavithai.
He wrote Tamil prose in the form of commentaries, editorials, short stories and novels. Bharathidasan was a noted poet. Swaminatha Iyer was foremost in the revival of interest in the Sangam age literature; he collected, deciphered and published ancient books such as Cilappatikaram and Kuruntokai.
He published over 90 books and wrote En caritham, an autobiography. The novel as a genre of literature arrived in Tamil in the latter half of the nineteenth century. Mayuram Vedanayagam Pillai wrote the first Tamil novel Prathapa Mudaliar Charithram , an assortment of fables, folk tales and even Greek and Roman stories.
Kamalambal Charitram was penned by B. Rajam Iyer in and Padmavathi Charitram by A. These two portray the life of Brahmins in 19th-century rural Tamil Nadu, capturing their customs and habits, beliefs and rituals. Jayakanthan may be seen as the real trendsetter in modern-day Tamil novels. His literature presents a deep and sensitive understanding of complex human nature and Indian social reality. Since the s writers like Jeyamohan, S.
Ramakrishnan and Charu Nivedita have emerged. Amarantha, Latha, and Ramakrishnan have contributed in this sphere. The increasing demand of the public encouraged the growth of journals and periodicals. Subramaniya Iyer started the newspaper Swadesamitran, the first Tamil daily, in In , Desabhaktan, a Tamil daily, began with T.
Kalyansundara Menon as editor. Navasakthi, a Tamil periodical, was edited by Tamil scholar and freedom fighter V. Rajagopalachari began Vimochanam, a Tamil journal devoted to propagating prohibition at the Gandhi Ashram in Tiruchengode in Salem district.
Vadarajulu Naidu started a daily, Tamil Nadu, whose forceful and colloquial style gained it a wide readership. The humour magazine Ananda Vikatan started by S. Vasan in encouraged the rise of some later great Tamil novelists. Kalki Krishnamurthy serialised his short stories and novels in Ananda Vikatan and eventually started his own weekly Kalki for which he wrote the enduringly popular novels Parthiban Kanavu, Sivagamiyin Sabadham and Ponniyin Selvan.
In , the first Tamil tabloid, the eight-page Jayabharati, began. The pudukkavithai pioneered by Bharathi in his prose-poetry was further developed by the literary periodicals Manikkodi and Ezhuttu. Poets such as Mu Metha contributed to these periodicals. Noted Tamil novelists who emerged included Mu.
Varatharasanar and Akilan Chithirapavai, Vengayinmaindan and Pavaivilaku. In September , S. Sadanand started the Tamil daily Dinamani. In , Viduthalai was begun. Many magazines began in Tamil Nadu during the s and the s.
Tamil Essays In Tamil Language Tamil /ˈtæmɪl/ (தமிழ், tamiḻ, [t̪ɐmɨɻ]?) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of South India and North-east Sri Lanka.
தமிழ் மொழி கட்டுரைகள் (Tamil Katturaigal), மற்றும் பொதுக் கட்டுரைகளின் தொகுப்பு.
FACTS ABOUT TAMIL LANGUAGE INTRODUCTION: Tamil is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamil people of South India and North-east Sri Lanka. It has official status in the Indian states of Tamil Nadu, Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Jul 13, · Indo-Aryan Language which is also the official and the only native language of the Republic of the Maldives. Dhivehi Language is also being used as the official language of Minicoy .
The essay compares the differences between the Tamil grammar and the English grammar. by vpathmanathan in information, language, and structure The essay compares the differences between the Tamil grammar and the English grammar. Tamil essays in tamil language - High-Quality Essay Writing Company - Order Reliable Assignments For Me Quality Assignment Writing and Editing Service. STUDIES TAMIL OR ESSAYS ON HISTORY THE LANGUAGE, PEOPLE, OF TAMIL.