This is similar to the way in which objects are supervenient on atomic structure. A cup might have the physical properties of mass, shape, color, temperature, etc. Physical properties are contrasted with chemical properties which determine the way a material behaves in a chemical reaction. The physical properties of an object that are traditionally defined by classical mechanics are often called mechanical properties. Other broad categories, commonly cited, are electrical properties and optical properties.
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All matter may exist in any of three physical states of matter. In the graphic on the left the solid and liquid forms of water - ice are shown. A physical change takes place without any changes in molecular composition. The same element or compound is present before and after the change. The same molecule is present through out the changes. Physical changes are related to physical properties since some measurements require that changes be made. As solid matter is heated it eventually melts or changes into a liquid state at the melting point.
Ice a solid form of water melts at 0 o C and changes to the liquid state. As the liquid matter is heated further it eventually boils or vaporizes into a gas at the boiling point.
Liquid water boils and changes into a gas, usually called steam or water vapor at o C. In all three states the same molecules of water H 2 O are present.
Physical properties of matter are properties that don't change even if you heat it, freeze it or pound it. For example, Water can be frozen, boiled or crushed and you will sti ll have H 2 O. Changing their physical shape do not change their chemical makeup.
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Examples of Physical Properties of Matter. There are many types of physical properties. Commonly used examples include density, color, odor, hardness, and volume. Physical properties are further classified based on whether they are extensive or intensive. Extensive physical properties are those that are dependent on the amount of the substance present. Physical properties are often characterized as intensive and extensive properties. An intensive property does not depend on the size or extent of the system, nor on the amount of matter in the object, while an extensive property shows an additive relationship.
Although most substances can occur in any of the four stages of matter (solid, liquid, gas or plasma), the factors that determine the substance's state are its chemical structure and the temperature. When the temperature increases, it excites the individual molecules, causing them to move around. Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter. Key Takeaways Key Points. All properties of matter are either physical or chemical properties and physical properties are either intensive or extensive. Extensive properties, such as mass and volume, depend on the amount of matter being measured. on the substance to determine its composition.