The format of citation depends only on the nature of the source you have cited. For example you are citing some information from a book the way you give reference of this book will remain same whether or not the author of the book is your professor. As a matter of fact, the format of giving reference will remain same even when you are citing from a source authored by yourself.
The purpose of giving reference of sources cited in your paper is to enable the reader to check your paper against the original source, or to get more details from that source. Therefore, it is not common to give references to sources like class room lectures and personal discussions, for which permanent record is not available for checking back.
However if your professor or someone else has made a point that is very important for your paper, and for which no record is available, it may be a good practice to acknowledge the source of idea in the main text of the paper giving sufficient details to identify the person concerned. It is also a good practice to identify the professor and other persons who have helped you in writing the paper, and acknowledge the help received from them in a separate section of the paper.
The seventh edition of the MLA Handbook clearly specifies how to cite a lecture. If you wish to quote your Professor's formal lecture please refer to the following section in the seventh edition of the MLA Handbook Then, give the title of the speech if any in quotation marks.
Follow with the name of the meeting and organization, the location of the occasion, and the date. Use the descriptor that appropriately expresses the type of presentation e. Get the facts on citing and writing in APA format with our comprehensive guide. Formatting instructions, sample papers, and citation examples provide you with the tools you need to style your paper in APA.
Looking to format your paper in Chicago style and not sure where to start? Our guide provides everything you need! Learn the basics and fundamentals to creating citations in Chicago format.
Our blog features current and innovative topics to keep you up to speed on citing and writing. Our Writing Center is jam-packed with tons of exciting resources. MLA is a style of documentation based on a general methodology that may be applied to many different types of writing.
Since texts have become increasingly mobile, and the same document may often be found in several different sources, following a set of rigid rules no longer suffices.
Thus, the current system is based on a few guiding principles, rather than an extensive list of specific rules. While the handbook still describes how to cite sources, it is organized according to the process of documentation, rather than by the sources themselves. This gives writers a flexible method that is near-universally applicable.
Once you are familiar with the method, you can use it to document any type of source, for any type of paper, in any field. When deciding how to cite your source, start by consulting the list of core elements. In your citation, the elements should be listed in the following order:. Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. Earlier editions of the handbook included the place of publication and required different punctuation such as journal editions in parentheses and colons after issue numbers.
In the current version, punctuation is simpler only commas and periods separate the elements , and information about the source is kept to the basics. End this element with a period. Depending upon the type of source, it should be listed in italics or quotation marks. Unlike earlier versions, the eighth edition refers to "containers," which are the larger wholes in which the source is located.
For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container.
The title of the container is usually italicized and followed by a comma, since the information that follows next describes the container. Interview by Gareth Von Kallenbach. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container. You might have read a book of short stories on Google Books , or watched a television series on Netflix.
It is important to cite these containers within containers so that your readers can find the exact source that you used. Accessed 27 May In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc. If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.
In the eighth edition, terms like editor, illustrator, translator, etc. A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason. Annotated and with an introduction by Vara Neverow, Harcourt, Inc. Crowley, Sharon, and Debra Hawhee. Ancient Rhetorics for Contemporary Students. If a source is part of a numbered sequence, such as a multi-volume book, or journal with both volume and issue numbers, those numbers must be listed in your citation.
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Our easy to read guide comes complete with visual examples and step by step instructions to format your citations and your paper in MLA style. Cite Anything and Everything in APA Format Get the facts on citing and writing in APA format with our comprehensive guide.
MLA format follows the author-page method of in-text citation. This means that the author's last name and the page number(s) from which the quotation or paraphrase is taken must appear in the text, and a complete reference should appear on your Works Cited .
Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free. Son of Citation Machine™ NEW My Papers. Popular Styles. MLA Style. APA Style. Chicago Style. Title Page. Plagiarism and Grammar Checker. Cite This For Me citation guides covers a lot of this additional information, so your paper is more properly prepped and less likely to get points taken off for these details. The citation guides cover several citation styles, but the most popular are APA, Chicago Manual of style, MLA, Harvard referencing, Normas APA and Normas ABNT.
Cite your book in MLA format for free. Son of Citation Machine™ NEW My Papers. Popular Styles. MLA Style. APA Style. Chicago Style. Title Page. Good job citing! Now get peace of mind. Scan your paper for grammar mistakes and catch unintentional plagiarism. Try it now! Auto-fill mode Manual entry mode. Cite a Book chapter. Cite a . MLA is the formatting style of the Modern Language Association. It is used in areas such as English studies, comparative literature and foreign language. Writing a research paper using MLA style is a bit different from other formats.