This allows your argument to achieve depth and richness. However, it can also mean that your essay ends up feeling disorganized. As you read through your essay, summarize the main idea or ideas of each paragraph in a few key words. You can write these on a separate sheet, on your printed draft, or as a comment in a word processing document. Look at your key words. Do the ideas progress in a logical fashion? Or does your argument jump around?
Try splitting your paragraphs up. Cut your essay up. Try physically putting the paragraphs in a different order. Do things make better sense in a different structure? Ideally, your paragraphs should have only one way they could be organized for maximum effectiveness. If you can put your paragraphs in any order and the essay still kind of makes sense, you may not be building your argument effectively. You may find after reverse-outlining that some paragraphs would make better sense elsewhere in your essay.
Move things around, making changes to topic sentences and transitions where necessary. For example, you might find that placing your least important argument at the beginning drains your essay of vitality. Experiment with the order of the sentences and paragraphs for heightened effect. Read the essay out loud to catch inconsistencies or choppiness. You may find that your essay abruptly changes direction or some of your paragraphs contain unnecessary sentences or information. Several sentences make up a paragraph, and several paragraphs make up an essay.
Not Helpful 0 Helpful 4. What should I say when I want to say the conclusion is in this paragraph? You don't have to point out that the conclusion is in a certain paragraph.
The conclusion should come at the very end of your essay and should wrap up your points in a way that makes it obvious to the reader that it is the conclusion. Not Helpful 0 Helpful 3. If an essay is organized chronologically, what should the body paragraphs be?
Every essay is unique, and there is no one prescribed way your body paragraphs should be. What matters is that they are logical and coherent. You could have one paragraph talking about things that happened in one time period, the next discussing what happened in the next time period, etc.
The type of time period you use will depend on what, specifically, you're writing about. Not Helpful 1 Helpful 1. Start with interesting facts that may be helpful in attracting a younger audience. Which words could be better used in an essay as transitional words? Answer this question Flag as Do I put an essay plan as an appendix or before the essay?
What do I do when I get stuck writing in an essay? Include your email address to get a message when this question is answered. Already answered Not a question Bad question Other.
Quick Summary To organize an essay, start by writing a thesis statement that makes a unique observation about your topic. Did this summary help you? Essay Planning In other languages: Menyusun Esai Print Edit Send fan mail to authors. In this pattern, items are arranged according to their physical position or relationships.
In describing a shelf or desk, I might describe items on the left first, then move gradually toward the right. Describing a room, I might start with what I see as I enter the door, then what I see as I step to the middle of the room, and finally the far side. In explaining some political or social problem, I might discuss first the concerns of the East Coast, then those of the Midwest, then those of the West Coast.
Describing a person, I might start at the feet and move up to the head, or just the other way around. This pattern might use such transitions as just to the right, a little further on, to the south of Memphis, a few feet behind, in New Mexico, turning left on the pathway , and so on. Spatial order is pretty common in description, but can also apply to examples, to some comparisons, some classifications [the southern species of this bird. A third common principle of organization is climactic order or order of importance.
In this pattern, items are arranged from least important to most important. Typical transitions would include more important, most difficult, still harder, by far the most expensive, even more damaging, worse yet, and so on. A variation of climactic order is called psychological order.
This pattern or organization grows from our learning that readers or listeners usually give most attention to what comes at the beginning and the end, and least attention to what is in the middle.
In this pattern, then, you decide what is most important and put it at the beginning or the end; next you choose what is second most important and put it at the end or the beginning whichever remains ; the less important or powerful items are then arranged in the middle.
If the order of importance followed 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, with 5 being most important, psychological order might follow the order 4, 3, 1, 2, 5. Still other principles of organization based on emphasis include general-to-specific order , specific-to general order , most-familiar-to-least-familiar , simplest-to-most-complex , order of frequency , order of familiarity , and so on.
A fourth broad principle of organization is called topical order , and this is sort of a catchall pattern. It refers to organization that emerges from the topic itself. For example, a description of a computer might naturally involve the separate components of the central processing unit, the monitor, and the keyboard, while a discussion of a computer purchase might discuss needs, products, vendors, and service.
A discussion of a business might explore product, customer, and location, and so on. Topical order, then, simply means an order that arises from the nature of the topic itself. I'm not sure any single list can identify all of the different logical ways of organizing information.
You may have forms in your workplace that impose a certain order on how an event or action is reported. Many people trying to persuade others to change policy or behavior often examine the issue in the order of need or problem first, then the benefits of the change, then the mechanics or ease of implementing the change. You may see a question-answer pattern, a problem-solution pattern, or sometimes a solution-problem pattern.
You will also see and use combinations of patterns as your ideas and purposes become more complex. You do need to see, though, that imposing order on information makes the information easier to talk about, easier to understand, and easier to remember.
If you choose a clear, recognizable pattern on the level of the single paragraph, and also on the level of the whole essay body , you guide yourself in selecting details and choosing transitions, and you also guide your reader in discovering relationships that connect things, that make things seem more coherent. It is used here with his permission. Software which types from voice commands has made using computers more accessible for school or work. People with special needs have many new options thanks to modern technology such as special chairs or text readers.
Actually, those people who need hearing aids as a result of normal aging have access to continued communication and enjoyment of entertainment they did not previously have. There are many ways technology has improved lives through increased accessibility.
Notice how these proof paragraphs stick to one proof point introduced in the topic sentences in red. These three paragraphs, not only support the original thesis, but go on to give details and explanations which explain the proof point in the topic sentence. In that case, the rebuttal should go before the conclusion. Some instructors want only a summary of the proof and a restatement of the thesis.
Some instructors ask for a general prediction or implication of the information presented without a restatement of thesis. Still others may want to include a restatement along with a general prediction or implication of the information presents.
Be sure to review assignment instructions or check with instructor. The efficiency provided by technology gives people more time to enjoy life and pursue personal development, and the accessibility has broadened options for travel, school, and work. Modern technology has improved our lives through convenience, efficiency, and accessibility. See how the thesis statement was restated in red. The two major arguments about the possible locations proven to be incorrect were also included to remind the reader of the major proof points made in the paper.
Without it, everyday life would be filled with burdensome tasks and be limited to our neighborhood and our physical capacity. Rhetoric is the art of persuasion. Rhetorical modes are ways of using language with a specific focus.
Narration, for example, tells a story or a sequence of events. A narrative essay tells a story. Other rhetorical modes focus on describing, defining, using examples exemplification , or classifying as the primary purpose. Comparing and contrasting simply compares one thing to another showing the differences as well as the similarities. Sometimes, instructors assign essays requiring a specific mode such as defining something or discussing the causes of a problem.
These are considered useful ways to develop the particular skill such as looking closely at something to describe it or finding ways to define an object or situation. For example, a paper arguing that pesticides are harmful might include information defining and describing various pesticides.
It could include classifying them by potential harm and use examples of the types of pesticides. It could have information on the effects of particular pesticides. Most writing blend the uses of rhetorical styles. Like all effective writing, essays must have unity. They must clearly stay focused on one purpose: All the sentences in each paragraph and each paragraph must work together to achieve that purpose.
It is critical for each sentence in each paragraph to start with a topic sentence that states a reason why the thesis is right and that the rest of the sentences in the paragraph support that topic sentence.
Essays must have coherence. Each sentence must flow smoothly and logically into the next. Each paragraph must flow smoothly and logically into the next. Words and word groups called transitions must be used to link one sentence to the next and one paragraph to the next. See Unity and Coherence in Essays for more information. Generally speaking, use of Standard English vocabulary and grammar is expected. These types of papers should not sound as though you were talking casually to a friend.
Also, while we use second person you, your in informal speech, formal academic writing should not use second person since the reference is not specific. You should know where your children are. Parents of young children should know where their children are. Instructors will vary about accepting the use of first person I, me, my, we, us, our in essay writing. Be aware of requirements for any particular assignment. Formal academic essays should not include sentences that refer to yourself or the paper.
For more information on language use, see Word Use Appropriate Language. The purpose of a literary analysis essay is to carefully examine and sometimes evaluate a work of literature or an aspect of a work of literature.
For example, a short story analysis might include identifying a particular theme and then showing how the writer suggests that theme through the point of view of the story. It is important to remember that literary analysis does not merely demonstrate a particularly literary element. The focus is explaining how that element is meaningful or significant to the work as a whole.
See Essay Organization and Elements of Fiction for more information. Close reading is deep analysis of how a literary text function; it is both a reading process and something you include in a literary analysis paper.
When you read a text paying specific attention to certain literary elements, looking for particular patters, or following the development of a particular character, you are practicing close reading.
Likewise, when you watch a film with particular emphasis on a certain element, you are doing a close reading. Of course, when one writes an essay that teases out a certain element, this is the beginning of a close reading.
The Organization of an Essay The following explains the traditional way to organize an expository essay that is trying to make a point about some topic and to provide supporting material for that point.
Essay # 1. Meaning of Organisation: “Organisation”, according to the dictionary, “is the work of connecting inter-dependent parts so that each has a special function, act, office or relation to the whole”.
Still other principles of organization based on emphasis include general-to-specific order, specific-to general order, most-familiar-to and also on the level of the whole essay body), you guide yourself in selecting details and choosing transitions, and you also guide your reader in discovering relationships that connect things, that make. Essay Organization – Overview There are various types of writings assignments an instructor may give such as journals, reaction papers, questions to be answered, paragraphs on topics or questions, essays, and research papers.
Free Essay: Introduction The management and organizational approaches that are used by various firms play a critical role in their performance. The adopted. - Organizational Trends Organizational Trends According to Organizational Behavior (OB, ), decision making is defined as the process of choosing a course of action for dealing with a .