This story of creation is told in the Mayan sacred book named the 'Popol Vuh'. The book accounts previous unsuccessful attempts to make human beings also. Apparently, it took the gods several tries before the found the correct ingredient to create the first human beings. Mayan religious ritual was very elaborate.
Festivals were frequently thrown in the honor of their gods. They worshipped the gods of the cardinal points, the harvest and of birth and death. There was also the god of wind, the god of rain, and the god of war. Specific national heroes were also deified and worshipped like Itzamn and Kukulcan. There was also a special "feast of all the gods", where homage was paid to all the gods at once. It was a very elaborate setup that could go on for days.
At one time in its history, it is believed that there were temples of worship across the whole country. Massive stone pyramids were erected in honor of specific gods. Pilgrimage to certain temples was required at specific times of the year and the sacred cities of Izamal and the island of Cozumel were of particular importance. It rained almost everyday, but the temperature was not cold at least in the daytime. The environment played a major role in what the Mayans culture became, they needed rain and heat to survive both the humans and the animals.
The Mayans learned the methods of doing things like planting crops, making clothing, jewelry etc. The Mayans grew mainly maize corn , beans, and squash together with yucca, manioc, and sweet potatoes.
To make their heads longer, Mayan babies heads were squeezed between two pieces of wood. Another thing they did was to break their nose and reshape it, to make it look more hooked. Body Piercing and body painting was one of the major parts of how Mayans looked. Most Mayans were tanned and had black hair and eyes.
Both men and women had long hair, which was braided into two or four braids. They wore very little clothing but it was very decorative, with the fanciest piece of clothing being headdresses worn by nobles.
Their bodies were painted differently according to tradition and occasions. Priests wore blue, warriors wore red and black, and teenagers wore white. Jewelry was a very important part of appearance. It is said to be the most complex form of writing. The most important eastern Maya languages are Quiche, and Cakchiquel. The largest western Maya language is Tzeltal, spoken in Chiapas Mex. The Mayans had another 15 languages.
The Mayans way of education was taught to only the higher authority such as priests, In eight pages this paper examines the history of the Mayan calendar in a discussion of the determinations of the sun and the moon Death was perceived as a place, a further step in life that would offer more security and s
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