In his discussion of justice in respect to the allocation of scarce goods, Jon Elster identified three levels of scarcity: The availability of twins with one needing a kidney transplant and one willing to donate a kidney generates a natural scarcity similar to the availability of natural black pearls.
Poor Socio-Economic Background and Conditions. Above all it has followed the delibeate maketing of health cae in association with touism as medical cae has gadually moved away fom the public secto to the pivate secto, ensuing that a gowing majoity of people, especially in the ichest counties, and paticulaly in the United States, must pay -- often consideably -- fo health cae.
Finally, gowing inteest in cosmetic sugey, involving such elective pocedues as hinoplasty, liposuction, beast enhancement o eduction, LASIK eye sugey and so on, o moe simply the emoval of tattoos, have ceated new demands.
Vaious foms of dental sugey, especially cosmetic dental sugey, ae not coveed by insuance in counties like the UK and Austalia; hence dental touism has become paticulaly common. In Asia these tends ae 'the unlikely child of new global ealities: Interdisciplinary Issues in Healthcare Increasingly. Using a philosophical approach, there is typically no one single "right" answer given, but rather a process with which to think about, and analyze, a given set of problems.
For instance, is euthanasia "always" right; certainly not, but under the right set of circumstances, it might be the kindest option available in a moral sense, but still not acceptable legally. Create common ground- Common ground is created in medical ethics by finding a process to utilize disparate data and find a more appropriate solution. Construct a more comprehensive understanding- No "system" or organization is capable of judgment, so it is up to the human professional to decide what is in the best interest of the client.
To find a comprehensive understanding, one must pull from the templates and definitions of medical ethics: Each religion highly upholds their spiritual values hence the need for health practitioners to be cautious while handling varied clientele whether they hold the same religious sentiments or not.
In this research we will major on the views held by the Sikh, Buddhist and Judaist religions in comparison to the Christian belief on healing. Sikh religion The Sikh hold the belief that when one is sick it is the will of God and that He is merciful to heal; however one has to consider medical treatment in order to get well.
Sikh patients engage in prayers to seek God for help, seek to obtain peace by remembering Gods name, recite sacred hymns Gurbani which are words from the holy scriptures Guru Granth…… [Read More]. The means of persuasion is emotional, as the image is of a hospital bed and a man hugging a transparent, ghost-like image of an elder. The suggestion is that the elder has passed on, and that the organs of that person are keeping alive the young man in the bed.
A strong story is being told, given that the organ donor is of a different ethnic background from the recipient. The suggestion is that organ donation can help save the life of a total stranger.
The method of persuasion is emotional and explicit, showing that it will help others to register as an organ donor, because once a person is dead, those organs can either be used to save the…… [Read More]. Using a utilitarian approach, organ donation does provide good for others; and, when managed appropriated, can provide a greater good for society at large.
However, utilizing a population for organ harvesting, or changing the model so that organ donation is seen as a profit-center as opposed to a humanitarian endeavor, certainly muddies the waters a bit. From the Classroom to Hyperspace. European Journal of Human Genetics. The eview of Faith and International Affairs. Applying atson's Nursing Theory to Assess Patient Perceptions of Being Cared for in a Multicultural Environment" describes the validness and authentication of the nursing theory of care by Jean atson.
She was of the view that the best which a nurse can give to the patient is care as humans are naturally gifted with it and it is irrespective of ethnical, racial, cultural or social basis.
The article describes the implications of this theory in such environment where the nurses and their patients have ethnical and cultural difference and they do not even understand each other's language. It is a case study designed to explore Saudi patient's perceptions of important caring behaviors by staff nurses. It was concluded by the data obtained that the patients rated overall caring behaviors as most important irrespective of their cultural differences with the caregiver. Hence atson's theory was proved in a multicultural environment, but…… [Read More].
Nursing and Religion Practice Religion and Nursing. To secure the rest of the patient, nurses need to understand their needs and show respect to their beliefs and values. This requires courteous and open communication with the patient and adopting a patient-centric orientation.
Along with other factors, the religious background of the patient makes a lot of difference to their values and expectations. Moreover, people with a different religious background are not usually aware of such differences. Therefore, it is necessary for…… [Read More]. Speech on the Benefits of. Since the war in Iraq, thousands of American soldiers have been injured, and some of them paralyzed by explosions that shattered their spinal columns. Traumatic paralysis is often irreversible because the network of nerves in the human spinal cord cannot repair themselves when they are badly damaged.
Applications of cloning technology will allow us to grow new nerve tissue for implantation into damaged spinal cords to restore their functions Sagan, Medical applications of cloning technology already allows doctors to grow human skin for burn victims. The exact same technology will allow us to make human organs by actually cloning the cells from the same person to make replacement organs Soares, This means an end to long waiting lists for donor organs and will make the difference between life and death for thousands of people every…… [Read More].
Ethics Surrounding Human Embryonic Stem. Although these stem cells are only a few years old, they possess unlimited potential in terms of clinical research.
Specifically, scientists are focusing their potential uses in transplant medicine in order to significantly reduce the level of both infections and overall organ rejection in organ transplant surgery. The potential for using stem cells is of vast clinical and medical importance. These cells could potentially allow scientists to learn what occurs at the cellular and molecular levels of human development and use this information to identify certain molecular pathways that contribute to a variety of conditions.
Furthermore, using these stem cells could also allow scientists to discover the genes that are triggered in response to certain cellular conditions that cause rapid, unchecked cell growth or irregular cellular patterns.
Additionally, using stem cells to discover certain genetic conditions will lend immense amount of information to the scientists and afford researchers the opportunity…… [Read More]. The Problems With Surrogacy. The prohibition is clearly designed at least in part to prevent people who are financially desperate being exploited by wealthier individuals. We cannot have a caste system in our nation where the bodies of the poor can be bought by the wealthy. Yet surrogacy does that very same thing, in effect paying less financially well-off women to carry the babies of wealthier women.
A not atypical scenario for a surrogacy is a poorer young women being paid by an older, more educated dual income couple that has postponed childbirth so they have time to develop their careers. In almost all instances, the couple is more educated and financially well-off than the surrogate, effectively create a power relationship that is highly asymmetrical. Pregnancy, like organ donation, is not…… [Read More].
Human Genome Project May Be. Since the antigens are closely linked to race and ethnicity, it is much easier to find a biological match among people with similar ethnic and racial backgrounds than it is among any two randomly selected individuals. On the basis of tissue matching, organs from blacks will almost always go to blacks and organs from whites will almost always go to whites. Blacks, however, have a much higher incidence of kidney failure than whites. But since whites significantly outnumber blacks in the American population, there are still large numbers of whites waiting for organs.
There are so many, in fact, that nearly every white donor is matched to a white recipient. Blacks and other minorities must rely on a much smaller pool of kidneys. The situation for potential black kidney transplant recipients is made even worse by the fact that blacks have a lower rate of cadaver organ donation than do…… [Read More].
Political Influence Over Stem Cell. Going back further, the same religious principals also inspired opposition to organ transplants and blood transfusions; before that, the Catholic Church strictly forbade any forensic scientific research, necessitating the need to dissect cadavers for medical education entirely in secret Levine, Just as the news media are partially at fault today for their failure to distinguish legitimate concerns from ludicrous fears in connection with the ongoing political debate over American healthcare, they are equally responsible for allowing unfounded fears of "human cloning" in connection with the beneficial uses of stem cell science.
Specifically, the main source of secular opposition to stem cell research is attributable to unnecessary fears of rampant misuse of human cloning technology to clone human beings. While human cloning is hypothetically possible, no responsible scientific researcher would ever misuse current biomedical technology in that fashion. The complexities of cloning entire organisms have been well documented in animal…… [Read More].
Ethics Reproductive Technologies - There. The next objection of IVF separating the procreation and marital aspects of marriage and in the end damaging the marital relationship was totally untrue in this case. This couple had a very strong relationship and going through the process of gestational surrogacy strengthen their martial relationship as opposed to damaging it.
The last objection of adoption is a better answer to the trouble of childlessness may very well be true for a lot of people. One cannot argue the fact that there are a lot of children out there that need to have good homes and there are many couples that could benefit tremendously from this avenue.
But in the case of the couple in this article the idea of having a biological child was something that was very strong from them, thus making the path that they took the best one for them. IVF, just like many other things…… [Read More]. Aging and Death but With. Typically a Japanese funeral follows the sequence: The corpse was placed with the head pointing the North, copying the deathbed of Gautama, and the head of the bed is well decorated. Then the previously mentioned encoffinment process.
The first night after one's death is called the Tsuya; and it is for close family and friends to remember their beloved. In the morning, a cleansing meal is served called Okiyome. The funeral is thereafter carried out where the Jukai rite also known as receipt of commandments gives the dead an opportunity to receive the Buddhist commandments, automatically making the dead a disciple of the Buddha, and the dead person is accepted into Buddha hood. After all this, the deceased embarks on the journey to the other world as the coffin is carried out of the house and burnt in a…… [Read More].
Spirit Catches You and You. Within this clash of cultures, the Lee family did not know how to cope with the medical system in place to help Lia and her epilepsy.
When they refused to give her the medications, Lia was removed from the home and placed in foster care. When the foster care parents gave her the prescribed medication, her condition worsened in several important ways. The foster parents believe that Lia's parents realized that, and that this is why they did not give her the medication, but did not have the cultural and language skills to communicate this to the medical staff. Fadiman points out through example after example that the medical staff looked at Lia only as her illness, not as an individual, and certainly not as an individual part of a strongly developed culture that was markedly different than the hospital culture within which the doctors worked.
Through a translator, a…… [Read More]. Market a Health Care Good. The less stable the identities of the individual on the outside, the more impact the routines of life on the 'inside. These losses include the "loss or deprivation of liberty, the loss or deprivation of goods and services, the loss or deprivation of heterosexual relationships, the loss or deprivation of autonomy, and the loss or deprivation of security.
The possibility of redemption for the redeemable; redeeming the incorrigibles -- and managing the unredeemable Prisons have three main goals: To aid in the process of redeeming those who are redeemable, many prisons today have half-way houses and offer opportunities for prisoners to learn meaningful trades, so when they…… [Read More].
Healthcare Administration Functions of Healthcare. Administrative boards routinely reevaluate general institutional compliance with federal and state legislative statutes and also with stated hospital policies. Ethics guidelines regarding procedures, treating minors, and admission to clinical research trials are only some of the legislative guidelines necessary when making healthcare decisions.
Chains of command, appropriate disciplinary and appeals procedures, and health and safety guidelines for patients and employees are some examples of legislative functions a board may perform. Additionally, conduct between employees will also be governed, including sexual harassment policy, chains of command regarding institutional decisions, and human resource policies such as bonuses, performance reviews, and seniority.
Judicial The judicial roles of the administration involve evaluating specific individual's compliance with legislative policies, and the legality or wisdom of institutional policies in general. For example, an appeal might be made about the justice of certain guidelines, like the maximum amount of hours nurses may work, the institution's policies regarding…… [Read More]. This policy must address several components.
One is that there must be a privacy official. The privacy official is responsible for developing and implementing privacy policies. There must also be a contact person responsible for the receipt of complaints Ibid. The written policy must also cover other key areas. These included workforce training, which should also include any employee under the direct control of the covered entity, even if they are under contract and not an employee of the entity.
There must be data safeguards as well, so the written policy needs to include specific procedures for verification of identity, release of information and disposal of PHI. There must also be a policy with respect to the handling of complaints. This procedure must be outlined in the notice that…… [Read More]. Cultural Differences That Surface When. These, then, eventually die leaving the transfer of oxygen in your blood being absolutely limited and far below the point at which the flow of oxygen needs to be in a human body.
The flow of blood and transfer of oxygen eventually slows down tremendously and can cause terrible pain as well as make the immune system to be vulnerable to a variety of different diseases. There are many medical procedures that can allow the individual to find a relief Lozoff et al.
In our case study, we will mainly highlight how the mother's approach was tentative and skeptical and how the four points that have been mentioned initially communication, social organization, spatial dynamics and locus of control are impacted through her approach. The first important thing to note about the attitude of the mother is that she does seem very forthcoming to find out as much as she…… [Read More]. Japanese Cultural Interview and Assessment.
X, a Japanese national visiting friends in another country. She was, over the course of the interview, asked about a number of personal and culturally sensitive factors about her native culture that might affect a nursing intervention. It is important for a nursing practitioner to keep this in mind as, in the census, , residents of the U.
Tanabo, Also, even when residing in Japan, Japanese first-generation immigrants have traditionally seemed less eager than other immigrant groups to assimilate into the hegemonic culture. One measure of this is that compared to other Americans of Asian background, a lower percentage of Japanese elders speak…… [Read More].
The pertinent areas of discussion will be defined, explained, described, compared and contrasted in order to illustrate the information garnered from this segment of Family Law. Included is a description of the impact of the Child Support Enforcement and Establishment of Paternity Act of on state requirements in the area of child support. Also offered, in a section on spousal support, is a comparison and contrast of permanent alimony, lump-sum support, and rehabilitative support.
Then, an explanation is presented regarding the significance of timing in the classification of property in the division of marital property. Additionally, a description of how the case of Levy vs. Louisiana significantly changed the legal status of children of unwed parents. Finally, the pros and cons of using a sperm bank for artificial insemination…… [Read More]. In particular, the procedures used in postmortem care involve methods for appropriate care of the body after death, sensitive and appropriate notification of death to the significant other and family, as well as notification to the coroner.
The various departments within hospitals have different criteria regarding policies and procedures pertaining to postmortem care. The following outlines the procedures generally followed as well as policies followed with regard to postmortem care within different departments of the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center. Following the death of a patient, a final nursing assessment is generally performed including documentation regarding several details pertaining to the patient's death.
Patient Identifiers The Importance of Patient Identifiers Adverse events as a consequence of medical treatment are now recognized to be a significant source of morbidity and mortality around the world World Health Organization [WHO], The sources of adverse events can be divided into clinical practice, defective or poorly maintained products, improper procedures, or an organizational system.
The World Health Organization concluded that systemic failures are the primary source of adverse events, and can be attributed to a particular organization's patient care strategy, culture, attitudes toward managing quality of care and risk prevention, and the ability to learn from mistakes. Analyzing Elder Care Professionals. Hawaiian elde cae pofessionals impove patient eldecae sevices to Japanese nationals, taking into consideation Japanese cultual noms and expectations Caegiving fo eldely paents in Japan Japan has witnessed a significant gowth in its elde population.
In the yea , 4. This figue inceased to By , it is estimated to gow to Japan's 'vey old' population goup aged 85 and above is swiftly inceasing in numbe.
It has been pojected that by , the nation's 'vey old' population will account fo 4. Futhemoe, it was pojected that as many as 2. Change in the pecentage of Japan's…… [Read More]. D Kenneth Schemmer in his thorough, thought provoking book brings to life the controversial subject of the life support issue. For years, many all over the country have pondered, "What if a person were in some kind of an accident and the physicians told them that they were not going to make it?
Or even worse case scenario what if they happened to end up completely brain dead? These debated questions are taken on by Dr. Schemmer in making his point that life support decisions may not necessarily be the decision of the family, the doctor or the patient but by a higher being that gives life and takes life.
Schemmer uses these controversial questions in his…… [Read More]. Health Care Market in Discussing the Market. Health Care Market In discussing the market for a health care good or service, one must first understand that in speaking of "health care," one is actually speaking of the entire health care industry, along with each of the goods and services that are produced and exchanged within this market.
From organ transplant operations and blood donation to therapeutic massages and nursing home activity programs, the span of health care goods and services is both vast and varied. Further, in viewing today's uncertain economy, the market for health care goods and services is one that brings with it many different questions that must be addressed in order for a stakeholder to fully comprehend what decisions need to made in order to turn a profit.
Scarcity of esources Scarcity of resources within this market significantly influences the decisions that stakeholders are forced to make. With scarcity of resources comes limited action…… [Read More]. Jan 16, 3. The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. Don't let myths stand in your way. Should we be dying to donate? Voices Online Edition Vol. Consequences, costs and solutions to the organ shortage. The Library of Economic and Liberty. Clin Transplant, 19 1 , The role of education in increasing organ donation.
Ann Transplant, 9 1 , Ethics of organ donation. Crit Care Med, 32 12 , ; author reply Should incentives be used to increase organ donation? Plast Surg Nurs, 24 2 , Introduction to Christian Ethics 1st ed. Risks, Rewards, and Research. The Gift That Heals: Stories of Hope, Renewal and Transformation through Organ. American Journal of Transplantation.
Browne, Christina and Desmond, Deirdre M. Intention to consent to living organ donation: The Thin Flat Line: Redefining Who is Legally Dead in Organ.
Organ Solicitation on the Internet: Every Man for Himself. The Hastings Center Report. Vol 35, No 3. Gifts of the body. The New Atlantis Behavior profile of family members of donors and nondonors of organs. Transplant Procedures, 41 3: International practices of organ donation. British Journal of Anesthesia, suppl 1 , ii Teaching ethics in organ transplantation and tissue donation: Ethical issues in kidney transplantation-reflections from Nigeria.
Transplant Research and Risk Management, 2, Utilitarianism and Deotology - At the very center of the debate on euthanasia lies the core of individual and societal ethics.
Philosophically, ethics is a rubric used to understand and explain the way humans morally organize events or actions. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical thing one can do is any action that will maximize the happiness within an organization or society. At the center of this debate is the notion that many remain dissatisfied with the definition of "good" or "appropriate" being at the whim of a particular social order, or ruling elite. Forming the core modern argument, for instance, Aquinas argued that there were certain universal behaviors that were either right or wrong as ordained by the Divine.
Hobbes and Locke differed, and put forth the notion that there were natural rights, or "states of nature," but disagreed on the controlling factors of those natural tendencies. Kant took this further, reacting, and argued that a state or society must be organized by the way laws and justice was universally true, available, and, most importantly, justified by humanity. Yet, for Kant, these innate principles should be mindful of the freedom and choice autonomy of the individual.
In this way Kant, prescribed that basic rights were necessary for civil society, and becomes a rubric by which we may understand modern utilitarian principles and their interdependence with the concept of human rights Haydn, Actions have quantitative outcomes and the ethical choices that lead to the "greatest good for the greatest number" are the appropriate decisions, even if that means subsuming the rights of certain individuals Troyer, , It is considered to be a consequential outlook in the sense that while outcomes cannot be predicted the judgment of an action is based on the outcome -- or, "the ends justify the means" Robinson and Groves, Deontology is a compatible, but alternative ethical system that has its roots in Ancient Greece, but is most often attributed to Immanuel Kant, a German philosopher writing about a century prior to Mill and Bentham.
Online available at http: Organ Donations View Full Essay. Linking Ethics Decisions to Philosophical Rationales: Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues.
Ethics in Theory and Application. Applied Ethics in Nursing. The Limits of Consent in Medicine and the Law. Tissue Donation View Full Essay. A Gift of Life: Interactive Impact of Informational and Normative influence on Donations. Journal of Marketing Research. Organ donor potential and performance: Crit Care Med ; 24 3: Various Systems and Their Effectiveness.
Attitudes Toward Kidney Donation. J Natl Med Assoc. Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation, 23 3 , Buying and Selling Organs for Transplantation in the U. Medscape Education, 4 2. Retrieved January 31, , from http: Though various methods and schema for renal transplantation exist, this study points out the benefits of living donor donation in the combating of end-stage renal failure, in Japan specifically. Citing a decreased need for recipient medication and an increased likelihood of successful transplantation when kidneys used in transplantation come from living donors, the authors of this study examine various methods for increasing rates of living donorship.
A new surgical procedure developed by the authors limits the invasiveness and the blood loss in an elective living donor surgery, and combined with higher donorship rates could greatly increase the successful treatment of renal disease. A clinical and ethical innovation. An innovative new schema for encouraging organ donation is put forth in this article. Specifically, the authors suggest that patients slated for laporoscopic cholecystectomy be given the opportunity to undergo a more invasive surgical correction and donate a kidney as a living donor at the same time.
This would eliminate or greatly reduce the need for living donors to become surgical candidates with no health benefit to them; the same surgery and level of invasiveness would both correct the patients' problem and allow for donorship. This is the reverse of the current living donor schema, in which donors become surgical candidates specifically for donor purposes, raising ethical and medical concerns.
Works Cited Ishiguro, Kazuo. Never Let Me Go. The Life of Sir Thomas More. Author not available, Pre-transplant brain-death test done on man in his 20s. Asch DA, and Reese P. What's So Wrong with "Death Panels"?. Ethics Conflicts in Rural Communities: Allocation of Scarce Resources.
University Press of New England. Journal of perinatology, 9 1 , pp. Orthodox Jew View Full Essay. There is a time to be born and a time to die. Journal of Religious Health 50 4: To Be a Jew. Works Cited "Abolish the death penalty. Kaserman and Richard P. Organ Donation and Transplantation: Body Organs as an Exchangeable. Allow the Sale of Human Organs. Public Policy and the Sale of Human Organs. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal. Retrieved August 3, from http: Live Donors the Key to Organ Shortage.
Should reproductive cloning be made available to people who want their own biologic chidren - pro and con. International Medical News Group: Gale Group Deneen, S. Earth Action Network, Inc. The limits to demand for health care. British Medical Association Hollander, D. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health: The experience of living kidney donors. Health and Social Work, 33 2 , This recent study of kidney donations in provided the general framework for the proposed study as well as the initial semi-structured interview questions that would be used to identify additional themes, common metaphors and key words in subsequent interviews.
The interview guide at Appendix A will be used to probe further in follow-up questioning. Research methods in palliative care. Stem cell and related therapies. Nursing Ethics, 13 , Hitchcock, J. Ethical issues in palliative care. Acta Anaesthesiol Scand, 43 9 , Normative and prescriptive criteria: The efficacy of organ transplantation allocation protocols. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics Historical Archive ,17 1.
Retrieved July 31, , at http: Man gets liver after using billboards, Net. Kidney Donor Needed Own Transplant. Retrieved on August 8, , at http: Retrieved on August 7, , at http: Carol Publishing Russell-Walling, E.
For a grieving and bereft family, a request for organ donation is difficult to agree to because they can only guess at the wishes of the deceased and if there were any doubt at all, would not the natural answer be a rejection? If relatives had severe objections, they should be taken into account for to do otherwise raises the spectre of the swastika, but the point remains that by changing the default position of organ donation it is a veto clearly against the deceased's wishes, which would be rather more unlikely to take place than the current veto due to a simple lack of information.
It is not that the PC system is ethically unsound Hatfield and Walker It can be argued that presumed consent is superior to the opt-in system because it truly ensures autonomy by giving effect to choices each person makes.
It gives legal effect to individual autonomy and it ensures truly informed consent when accompanied by public education and information, instead of intuitive responses to organ donation. But one has to question how comfortable the deceased family will be when they come to realise that their relatives' kidney is being placed into someone who is HIV positive.
This is likely to be an ethical and morale matter rather than a discriminatory one Williams, Nonetheless, some problems with presumed consent have been pointed out. Patient autonomy lies at the very heart of modern medicine and medical research.
This is partly a reaction against medical paternalism and an increasing awareness of the integrity of the individual. It may be argued that a presumed consent PC system is paternalistic - but it concomitantly reinforces individual autonomy and preserves the dignity and integrity of the individual especially in comparison to, for example, an organs market.
McLean points out that underpinning the system of organ donation is the fundamental view that organ transplantation should be a gift relationship and should not be based on the type of disease a person has. This underlines that HIV sufferers are just as entitled to a kidney transplant as those who are looking for a heart transplant.
John Morris doubts that proposals to change legislation to allow presumed consent to be introduced are likely to be publicly accepted. Such feature would mean that for many people the motivation to sell their organs while being alive, as well as to agree for transplantation of their organs when their dead with their family receiving the money would rise significantly.
In other words, for every individual in need for an organ, there would be an organ ready for transplantation. Such high level of expectations, of course, does not include the issue of the financial ability of the recipients of transplantation to afford the operations.
Still, it seems that thousands of lives only in the US could be saved, especially if the healthcare system would include the commercialized transplantation service and provide insurance for them. These operations are incredibly risky and have higher failure rates because of problems with the quality of the operations and the organs that are being bought.
Thus, it seems that there is a need for the international community to legalize the trade of organs while taking it under careful control, reassuring that every procedure is dealt with according to the law and medical requirements. The need for more human organs for transplantation is bigger than ever before and is still growing and commercialization is the only significant and quick way of saving thousands of people whose lives are at the stake.
At the same time, such measure is the instrument for many people to support themselves and their families financially, proposing their organs both when they are alive and when they are dead. If such policy would receive careful and thorough plan for regulation on the international level, numerous individuals would benefit.
Despite the optimism expressed above, there are multiple issues connected to other consequences of commercialization of organ transplantation. Of course, the potential of saving so many lives is quite astonishing, yet there is a need to consider the harm that the humanity will face as a result of such structural change.
First, regarding those who sell the organs, it seems clear that the least secure and privileged groups would be more likely to sell their body parts than the privileged social classes.
For poor classes, their body would be among the most profitable resources, while rich people would be among the buyers of this kind of service. Moreover, the more financial capabilities the person would have, the more chances he or she would have to receive the organs of the best quality and in shorter terms.
Still, in a commercialized set, this outcome is inevitable. Thus, in a situation of extreme need, people would still be divided by their economic capacities, which means that even in organ transplantation process the economic inequality would spread. In the Indian case, kidney sellers used this money to pay debts and take care of their families, but they were not able to make any structural changes to their low socioeconomic status.
Thus, it seems that commercialization of organ transplantation is a step that would increase global inequality, spreading it into the essential sphere of human life — to the distribution of human body parts. Moreover, such trend would only exist on the level of a single society. If the entire world commercialized organs for transplantation, populations from poor countries would highly likely to export their organs to the wealthy populations, causing growth in health inequality.
The reorganization of the entire concept of international legal system and insurance concerning human organs is an incredibly complex process that would lead to controversial results. Not only the demand would highly unlikely to be satisfied because of the high price of organs, but there might also be a serious problem of too intensive supply. People would sell their organs, which will be ready for transplantation, yet there will be no customers ready to pay the price.
Many organs would be not used, with the majority of people stuck in the economic inability to purchase this service. Thus, the idea of commercialization of organs for transplantation seems far from resolving the issue of high demand for organs. Commercialization of human organs for transplantation is still illegal in most of the contemporary countries, with individuals being able only to donate their body parts.
While the introducing of human tissue market is a controversial affair in both ethical and economic measures, it is estimated that the demand for human organs has been rising for the last decades, meaning there have to be new transplantation approaches.
However, commercialization would mean that inequality in the world would only rise, while any individuals would simply be not able to afford the organs for transplantation. Although commercialization will surely save more lives, its negative consequences are arguably more damaging and unfair than the positive ones.
Law And The Human Body. Simmerling, Mary et al. Ovid Technologies Wolters Kluwer Health , doi: Sajjad, Imran et al. Your email address will not be published. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. Notify me of new posts by email. Get access to the list of our best samples for free. We divided them into categories of various types of papers and disciplines for your convenience.
Commercialization of Organ Transplants. Get your writing assignment done in 4 simple steps 1 Fill in order details Submit your instructions to writers for free! Start receiving proposals from writers. Organ Donation Research Paper: Commercialization of organ transplantation: Positive potential consequences of commercialization of organ transplants Humanity is still experiencing a significant lack of organ donors. Problematic potential consequences of commercialization of organ transplants Despite the optimism expressed above, there are multiple issues connected to other consequences of commercialization of organ transplantation.
Conclusion Commercialization of human organs for transplantation is still illegal in most of the contemporary countries, with individuals being able only to donate their body parts.
Works Cited Hardcastle, Rohan John. Order Now Submit your instructions to writers for free. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
- Organ Donation Organ donation is a topic which contains many conflicting views. To some of the public population organ donation is a genuine way of saving the life of another, to some it is mistrusted and to others it is not fully understood.
Organ donation is the act of donating an organ by a person so that it can be transplanted by surgical procedure in the body of the recipient. Organ donation can benefit the recipient largely by improving health, quality and span of his life and even save him from death or other critical conditions like paralysis.
Organ Donation is a Must Essay - Organ Donation, a must. One of the greatest advancements in modern medicine is the ability to transplant organs and tissues from living and non-living individuals. Currently there are , men, women, and children awaiting transplants in the United States (Emory, ). In light of the debate surrounding organ donation, this paper argues that it is a necessary procedure that needs to be embraced by potential donors and patients. Kidneys, corneas, heart, lungs, liver, intestines, and several other body parts of living or deceased people can be donated to those in need.
Organ donation is a topic which contains many conflicting views. To some of the public population organ donation is a genuine way of saving the life of another, to some it is mistrusted and to others it is not fully understood. Many people face this struggle every day. These people are waiting on a list for their perfect match the perfect person to be their organ donor. An organ donor is a person who has an organ, or several organs, removed in .