Also we know this term goes both ways meaning people play an important role in maintaining their environment as well. Each person in a community should have an opportunity to requirements of health in a community are a primary concern to public health- most health programs are curative in nature but we must never lose sight of the underlying causes and prevention. Knowledge is important and powerful- improvement of health care and understanding health through research and accumulation of knowledge.
Science is the basis for much of our public health knowledge- scientific methods, objectivity, using a full range of scientific tools and methods of evaluation of policies and of programs to protect and promote health. People are responsible to act on the basis on what they know- Public health should seek to transfer available knowledge to the public so they may make informed decisions about their health.
Action is not based on information alone. These ethical principles hold a major basis toward the prevention of health issues in a community. The community should be aware and fully knowledgeable about their ethical right and privileges. The determinants of health depend largely on the circumstances and environment of people and the community.
It does not mean whether someone is health or not or the absence of disease or presence of it. The determinants of health include: The manner in which people live their lives has a major influence over the health they may possess whether they know this or not.
According to the WHO the following are some factors which are determinants of health. Income and social status — higher income and social status are linked to better health. These functions identifies the responsibility of the government, the health status of the entire population, the nature of relationship expected between the government and its population, it also highlights the services available promoting the public health, finally the law regulates on individual businesses for the purpose of protecting the community.
It usually the responsibility of the government to take responsibility of its population well being, therefore responsible for creating the necessary infrastructure to take care of. This principle helps to explain the duties of the government in matters concerning public health by advocating membership among all the members of the population, stressing shared bondage among its members by putting it to them by offering them with the necessary education so as to safeguard the common health and welfare.
It also focuses on the individuals and persons at stake who ensure the protection and promotion towards a health living, it defines the services provided to the mental and physical health of all the people in the entire community since the sole purpose of public health is to improve the health of its population.
It clarifies the kind of relationship that should exist between the individual health and that of the community at large. The focus on the whole population rather than the individuals is aimed at eliminating the underlying causes of the disease, therefore by treating the whole population the disease can be avoided from spreading.
Public health can be achieved through a collective responsibility so as to ensure the safety of the people. Relationship between people and the state. The law of public health also clarifies the relationship between the state and the community. According to Gostin public health laws regulates or has set down laws and procedures to be followed by the public and community at large, a good example is when the government sets standards of the food to be eaten by its population or products of sub standard quality.
It further identifies the advantages and setbacks acquired by the government on legally protected interests. This allows for regulation on the government position on major health issues facing the population examples of such include outbreaks, tobacco use, alcohol use, occupational and other risks, the government provides laws, policies and standards.
Role of coercion and individual rights.
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Health is a topic of constant concern these days. From the issue of national insurance to the biomedical research, from healing doctors to books on medicine, nutrition, and self-healing are all related to health. Health today can be separated into two branches: biomedicine and public health /5(5).
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Unlike most editing & proofreading services, we edit for everything: grammar, spelling, punctuation, idea flow, sentence structure, & more. Get started now! This essay will start by looking the concept of health and it will look Public health and how it relates with overall care of obesity. A scenario will be used to describe the physiology of obesity's patient and how it is affecting psycho social perspective of their life.