To begin I will analyise each of the authors perspectives and also provide my own based on my experience, and then highlight any similarities, gaps or differences between them. According to Monboit , urgent change needs to take place to reduce our carbon emissions by 90 percent by the year However, Monbiot believes it is possible to meet the challenge by adopting sustainable development, in particular through the development of environmental science and technologies.
He explains that previous environmental campaigns have failed because the majority of environmentalist lack integrity, and that it is virtually impossible for anyone to be wholly sustainable unless there is a paradigm shift in society driven by changes in Government policy.
The concept of sustainable development is complex, it encompasses the protection of the environment and people and aims to see an end to poverty Sutton, pp 3. The need for change towards sustainable development is critical for the very survival of the human species however it seems they are their own worst enemy. Collier explains that there is a clear divide between people in developing countries and the poor countries referred to as the bottom billion which are stuck in what he calls development traps.
One of the biggest problems in these countries is corrupt Governments. People in countries such as Africa, are forced to mine minerals that are then sold on to the developing countries to use in technologies such as mobile phones and computers. Globalisation has only accelerated the problem because technology is essential to globalisation McMahon, The result is that people are consuming and producing waste at an ever accelerating rate.
Ede, pp 20 The shiny marketing of the latest and greatest gadgets, that claims to make your life easier and faster than ever before. In order to apply the principle of sustainable management in reality, a highly complex way of looking at the problem is required, involving various disciplines.
Sustainability is first and foremost a mental question. Without a grasp of the need or the will to change awareness, we will not succeed in realising the principle of sustainability in agriculture. It is upon the decision-makers in politics to create the right framework and the pre-conditions for a sustainable development in agriculture.
Global involvement, on the other hand, must not be left out of account. Sustainability reflects our understanding of necessity and responsibility on the question for whom, for what and how production can be guided into the future in a way that is efficient, environmentally sound and sparing on resources.
Global change is an ecological phenomenon, whereas globalisation is concerned with economic change. A recent analysis of sustainable agriculture in the context of trade liberalisation and globalisation raises equally significant concern for a more informed decision-making process at local, regional and international levels.
The emerging issues related to the impact of globalisation on sustainable agriculture are as follows: There are explicit problems with the conventional theoretical economic conditions for agricultural sustainability, especially when applied at the global level. The processes of trade liberalisation and globalisation will not be uniform given the ecological and institutional diversity of the nations of the world.
There will be disparities in globalised impacts between rich and poor countries for agriculture, industries, sustainability and environment as well as income and poverty. The type of production technology research, facilitated by private research, will not address the significant public good and externality issues facing developing countries. There is need to focus on local farming situations as a basis of dealing with global problems, especially in poor countries.
There is need to understand local institutional situations so as to determine appropriate remedial economic policies based on institutional sustainability. Integrated approach is essential for research and action at the regional scale related to water, atmosphere and climate, and species and ecosystems. Along with political dimensions of environment-society relations, the TEK can be used for both eco-restoration and sustainable development.
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Essay on Sustainable Development of Environment! Sustainable development is the need of the present time not only for the survival .
The word 'sustainable' means maintainable or bearable. Hence sustainable development refers to that development which may be prolonged for a considerable period of time or which may be bearable by the system and the society. It refers to a type of development that meets the needs of the present.
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